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RFC 1075

IETF draft: Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol (DVMRP) is an Internet routing protocol that provides an efficient mechanism for connectionless datagram delivery to a group of hosts across an internetwork. It is a distributed protocol that dynamically generates IP multicast delivery trees using a technique called Reverse Path Multicasting
DVMRP combines many of the features of RIP with the Truncated Reverse Path Broadcasting (TRPB) algorithm. DVMRP is developed based upon RIP because an implementation was available and distance vector algorithms are simple, as compared to link-state algorithms. In addition, to allow experiments to traverse networks that do not support multicasting, a mechanism called tunneling was developed.
DVMRP differs from RIP in one very important way. RIP routes and forwards datagrams to a particular destination. The purpose of DVMRP is to keep track of the return paths to the source of multicast datagrams. To make the explanation of DVMRP more consistent with RIP, the term destination is used instead of the more proper term source, however, datagrams are not forwarded to these destinations, but rather, originate from them.
DVMRP packets are encapsulated in IP datagrams, with an IP protocol number of 2 (IGMP). All fields are transmitted in Network Byte Order. DVMRP packets use a common protocol header that specifies the IGMP Packet Type as DVMRP. DVMRP protocol packets should be sent with the Precedence field in the IP header set to Internetwork Control (hexadecimal 0xc0 for the Type of Service Octet). The common protocol header is as shown in the following illustration:


8 16 24 32 bits
Min version
Maj version
DVMRP structure

Packet type. 0x13 indicates a DVMRP packet.

Determines the type of DVMRP packet. Currently, there are codes for DVMRP protocol message types as well as protocol analysis and troubleshooting packets. The protocol message codes may be as follows:
Probe Neighbor discovery.
Report Route exchange.
Prune Pruning multicast delivery trees.
Graft Grafting multicast delivery trees.
Graft ack Acknowledging graft messages.

16-bit one's complement of the one's complement sum of the DVMRP message. The checksum must be calculated upon transmission and must be validated on reception of a packet. The checksum of the DVMRP message should be calculated with the checksum field set to zero.

Reserved for later use.

Min version
Minor version. Value must be 0xFF for this version of DVMRP.

Maj version
Major version. Value must be 3 for this version of DVMRP

Vulnerabilities for this protocol (from CVE)

CVE ID Protocol Source Port Targetport

TCP/IP Protocols: